What are the psychosomatic responses to stress?

Stress can be defined as a response resulting from an individual’s perception of a threat, whether real or imagined. Over the past decade, more than 80 studies have examined the impact of stress on the immune system.

A psychosomatic response to stress is the reaction that comes from your mind and not your body. All skin problems, asthma, hair loss, ulcers, and miscarriages are psychosomatic disorders.

Stress can cause a great deal of damage to your mind and body and you can get sick or can die. But the good news is that people recover quickly after they get the help they need. Some people recover from stress with the help of friends and family, while others need professional help like psychotherapy.

Variously known as the stress response, a stress response elicits a large number of biopsychosocial changes that often lead to increased susceptibility to a wide array of diseases.  Exposure to a stressor results in a cascade in central nervous system activity and the secretion of adrenal hormones, including epinephrine and norepinephrine.  These effects, in turn, produce a whole-body inflammatory response. Blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration rate increase, and blood is shunted away from extremities to skeletal muscles, which is believed to be a mechanism for mobilizing energy. Following the acute stress response, the HPA axis stimulates the adrenal cortex to release cortisol, a particularly potent steroid hormone, into the bloodstream.

Some people recover from stress with the help of friends and family, while other need professional help like psychotherapy.

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